Cooperation in action

Forest conservation in Indonesia

Improving understanding of "green" forestry

Indonesian rainforest

Indonesia has some of the largest rainforests in the world. However, about a million hectares are destroyed each year, mainly in order to extend palm oil plantations.

One of the aims of the FORCLIME (Forests and Climate Change) programme that is being implemented under German development cooperation with the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry is to help create the legal and institutional conditions for a rethink.

In addition to the revision of policies, laws and guidelines, the programme plans to set up forestry offices based on the German model. These offices are put in charge of a particular area of forest and must involve local people, the private sector and non-governmental organisations in managing it sustainably. Training for the staff of forest agencies creates the basis for the application of "green" forestry principles. Support is also being provided to private forestry businesses that manage forested areas in accordance with international certification standards. FORCLIME aims to promote understanding of sustainable forest management.

Indonesia now has 590 new forest offices with responsibility for 97 million hectares of forest, which is as much as 80 per cent of the country's state forest (as at December 2016). All state forests are due to be incorporated into the forest office system by 2020. In three districts, forestry authorities are working with the local population to implement pilot REDD+ projects covering some 380,000 hectares of forest. With funding of approximately 84 million euros, FORCLIME is one of the largest externally financed forest conservation and biodiversity programmes in Indonesia.


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