Cooperation in action

REDD Early Movers in Brazil

Rewarding forest conservation pioneers

Brazilian rainforest

The Brazilian state of Acre is leading the way as an Early Mover in the REDD+ programme, the international forest conservation scheme that was launched in 2005. The Acre state government has in recent years steadily developed the instruments needed to protect its forests and implemented them in state legislation. Its activities have been successful and deforestation has been declining since 2006. Acre has now cut the rate of deforestation by 60 per cent, and in 2015 the state accounted for only around four per cent of all logging in the entire Brazilian Amazon region.

The REDD Early Movers programme (REM) makes payments to pioneers such as the Brazilian state of Acre for verified emissions reductions. Successfully avoided deforestation is recorded and paid for via a detailed accounting system. A total of 25 million euros has already been paid to the Brazilian state from the German government's Special Energy and Climate Fund and from the International Climate Initiative. Most payments go directly to smallholders, local forest communities and indigenous people; the remainder is invested in government measures to conserve forests and reduce deforestation. Local people are therefore among the beneficiaries of this particular form of benefit-sharing. However, the increase in the deforestation rate in Brazil in 2016 is a reminder that fighting deforestation does not happen by itself but needs to be worked at.

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