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Tackling the consequences of climate change

Coffee cultivation in Kenya. Drying coffee beans in a coffee cooperative in Embu, which is supported by the GIZ in climate change adaptation.

A comprehensive climate policy must not only cut greenhouse gas emissions but also consider the consequences of climate change. They often impact most severely on the least developed countries. In its programmes in support of adaptation to climate change, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) therefore focuses on countries and population groups that are particularly poor and vulnerable to climate change.

Germany's activities in this area involve, firstly, no-regret measures that yield benefits even if the extent of climate change turns out to be less than was feared. Smarter irrigation in agriculture is an example of such a measure. Secondly, Germany supports activities that specifically target climatic change – such as setting up systems to monitor water levels.

Decision-makers require specific knowledge in order to analyse climate risks and assess how and where investment in adaptation should be made. The BMZ offers its partner countries comprehensive support, which may take the form of specific investments or involve advice, training, and research and development.

Institutional capacity-building

Developing the capacity to deal with climate change on the basis of sound knowledge is an important aspect throughout the BMZ's work. For change to be effective in the long term, it must be embedded in appropriate political and legal structures, and strong institutions must be created that can drive innovation forward.

Within a given country, regulation, planning and financing mechanisms at the national, regional and local levels must be coordinated in order to tackle climate change. Through its development cooperation, Germany provides its partner countries with advice and support as they launch the relevant coordination and planning processes. For example, the BMZ assists various countries with the implementation of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) and National Adaptation Plans (NAPs). NDCs and NAPs form the foundation for systematic progress on adaptation to climate change and on the transition to a low-carbon economy.


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