Area of intervention

Global partnership for climate change mitigation and adaptation

A solar installation in Bangladesh, used to power irrigation pumps in agriculture

The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris climate agreement. In these NDCs, participating countries specify their emissions reduction and adaptation targets for the period up to 2030. The NDCs will be reviewed and updated every five years, starting in 2020.

The measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions envisaged in the NDCs are not yet sufficient for achieving the targets of the Paris climate agreement for limiting the rise in temperatures. It is vital, therefore, that the current NDCs not only be implemented swiftly but also be gradually made even more ambitious, through the envisaged regular updating process.

Climate change mitigation and adaptation are always connected to practical issues like energy or water supply. To facilitate their implementation, the goals of the NDCs need to be "translated” into concrete policy approaches, sets of rules and regulations, public budgets and investment plans. It will be crucial that climate change mitigation and adaption measures are not planned in isolation but in such a way that planned investments are adapted and made climate-sensitive. Furthermore, additional investments in climate measures will promote sustainable development overall and thus improve the living conditions of the people.

To support the implementation of the NDCs whilst working towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals laid down in the 2030 Agenda, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB), the Moroccan government and the World Resources Institute (WRI) initiated a global NDC Partnership. This Partnership was launched in Morocco at the Marrakech climate change conference in November 2016. Germany and Morocco are co-chairing the Partnership.

Infographic: Global partnership to implement nationally determined contributions (NDCs)
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Infographic: Global partnership to implement nationally determined contributions (NDCs)

The NDC Partnership at a glance

The Partnership is made up of industrialised, emerging and developing countries and is open to all countries supporting the goals and principles of the Partnership. Its members also include various regional organisations, UN agencies and multilateral development banks. At the end of September 2017, the membership base stood at 70 countries and international organisations. The Partnership is supported by a secretariat ("Support Unit") with offices at the WRI in Washington D.C. and the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn.

The aim of the Partnership is to help member countries align their development objectives with climate action targets and work towards them in a coordinated manner as part of bilateral and multilateral development programmes. It will also contribute to strengthening the practical exchange of experiences between the countries so that successful approaches can be disseminated quickly and the repetition of mistakes avoided. The Partnership focuses on three fields of activity:

  1. improving access to technical support for NDC implementation
  2. facilitating access to financing for NDC implementation
  3. enhancing knowledge management through the dissemination of analytical and advisory instruments

Above all, the Partnership seeks to improve coordination and collaboration between the various stakeholders in the climate and development area. To that end, it supports an exchange of ideas and experiences within the individual countries and at the international level.

The process of NDC support in member countries

When it joins the NDC Partnership, a country can apply to the secretariat for support in implementing the NDCs. As a next step, the member country then identifies its specific needs for support in collaboration with donors, development banks and implementing agencies on the ground. Non-governmental partners such as NGOs or the academic community are also to be involved. Based on a detailed action plan, the development partners then adapt their ongoing support programmes and plan additional measures. These may include technical advice and process support or capacity building, but also infrastructure measures needed for NDC implementation.

When support is provided under the NDC Partnership, this process also includes a continuous exchange of knowledge and experience to encourage peer learning and knowledge sharing with other partners.

NDC support in practice – examples

In Pakistan, the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), acting on behalf of the BMZ, is working with the Pakistani government to develop a plan of operation for implementing its NDC, determine climate targets for individual sectors and establish a national authority on climate change.

In Mali, in addition to the development of an NDC implementation plan, the planning of investments is being supported. Ongoing activities in Peru are focused on coordinating and aligning consultancy offers in the field of climate financing. In the Republic of the Fiji Islands, the BMZ is helping to expand the Fijian NDC to areas beyond the energy sector, which has been its exclusive focus until now; the contribution of the BMZ will be used specifically to include the forestry sector.

The focus of the BMZ

All of the BMZ’s activities in the area of climate change will contribute to the country activities of the NDC Partnership. To that end, the Ministry’s climate and relevant development finance projects in the member countries will be aligned with the coordination processes of the NDC Partnership.

Additional targeted advisory services provided as part of the NDC Partnership are financed by the BMZ through global and bilateral projects/programmes supported by GIZ and international organisations like the World Bank Group, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). For instance, UNDP is supporting consultation processes on NDC implementation by governmental and non-governmental, and by national and international players.

With the support of the BMZ, the World Bank is preparing investment projects for the implementation of NDCs and, in particular, is mobilising the ministries of finance in the partner countries for carrying out suitable measures. The WRI is supporting both country activities and global knowledge sharing through analyses and advisory services.

Moreover, the German government (BMZ and BMUB) is providing the basic financing for the Partnership’s secretariat.

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