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NDC Partnership

Two employees between solar systems at Talek Power solar power plant in Kenya

Global partnership for climate change mitigation and adaptation

The Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are at the heart of the Paris climate agreement. In these NDCs, both industrialised and developing countries specify their emissions reduction and adaptation targets for the period up to 2030. The NDCs will be reviewed and updated every five years, starting in 2020.

However, the measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions envisaged in the existing NDCs are not sufficient to limit the global temperature rise to well below 2°C, and if possible, to 1.5°C, as laid down in the Paris climate agreement. It is vital, therefore, that the NDCs not only be implemented swiftly but also be gradually made even more ambitious.

Two employees between solar systems at Talek Power solar power plant in Kenya

Five Highlights from the NDC Partnership at COP24

09.01.2019 – The NDC Partnership, as the largest global coalition dedicated to implementation of nationally determined contributions (NDCs) under the Paris Agreement, leveraged this year's COP24 to convene members to share important lessons that inspire and encourage greater collaboration and coordination toward global climate goals. Here are just five highlights from the NDC Partnership's engagement at COP24.

At the climate conference COP24 in Katowice, Germany and Morocco hand over the co-chairmanship of the NDC Partnership to the Netherlands and Costa Rica.

Germany helps developing countries and emerging economies implement climate targets

12.12.2018 – The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the Federal Environment Ministry announced at the Climate Change Conference in Katowice that Germany will be supporting the global partnership for implementing NDCs with a further 68 million euros. 48 million euros will come from the budget of the BMZ and 20 million from the budget of the Federal Environment Ministry.

Climate Summit COP22 in Marrakesh, Morocco, November 2016

Supporting NDC implementation

Climate change mitigation and adaptation are closely connected to practical issues like energy or water supply. To facilitate NDC implementation, the climate goals need to be "translated” into concrete policy approaches, sets of rules and regulations, public budgets and investment plans, including at the sectoral and subnational levels.

It is crucial that, rather than being planned in isolation, measures are designed in such a way that all investments are climate-sensitive and contribute towards climate-friendly transformation. Furthermore, additional investments in climate measures will promote sustainable development overall and thus improve people’s living conditions.

To promote NDC implementation in accordance with the Sustainable Development Goals as defined in the 2030 Agenda, the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Moroccan government and the World Resources Institute (WRI) initiated the global NDC Partnership. This Partnership was launched in Morocco at the Marrakech Climate Change Conference in late 2016.

Logo: NDC Partnership
The NDC Partnership

The NDC Partnership at a glance

The Partnership brings together industrialised, emerging and developing countries and regional organisations, UN institutions, multilateral development banks and non-governmental organisations.

By January 2019, the number of members had already grown to over 100, including 87 countries, 20 international organisations and nine associate members.

The Partnership is assisted in its work by a secretariat ("Support Unit"), which is headquartered at both the WRI in Washington D.C. and the UNFCCC Secretariat in Bonn.

Goals

The aim of the Partnership is to help member countries align their development objectives with climate action targets and work towards them in a coordinated manner by way of bilateral and multilateral donor programmes.

The Partnership therefore focuses on three fields of activity:

  1. improving access to technical support for NDC implementation
  2. facilitating access to financing for NDC implementation
  3. enhancing knowledge management through the dissemination of analytical and advisory instruments.

Above all, the NDC Partnership seeks to improve coordination and collaboration between the various stakeholders in the climate and development field. To that end, it supports an exchange of ideas and experiences within countries and at the international level. In this way, successful approaches can be shared and disseminated quickly, and partners can avoid repeating others’ mistakes.

Infographic on the topic of "NDC Partnership"

German activities

The BMZ finances additional targeted advisory services provided under the NDC Partnership through global and bilateral projects and programmes implemented by GIZ, and via international organisations like the World Bank Group, the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). These measures primarily support practical NDC implementation in member countries. Up to now, the BMZ has provided 104 million euros in funding for these programmes.

For instance, UNDP is assisting consultation processes regarding NDC implementation in partner countries, thereby promoting private sector involvement. With the support of the BMZ, the World Bank is preparing investment projects for the implementation of NDCs and, in particular, is mobilising the ministries of finance in the partner countries for such projects. The WRI is supporting both country activities and global knowledge sharing.

Moreover, in the context of all its climate and climate-relevant development financing, the BMZ focuses on NDC implementation. In this regard, coordination at country level within the NDC Partnership plays a pivotal role. In 2018 the BMZ, under the German Climate Technology Initiative alone, is making available more than 400 million euros to projects relating to NDC Partnership activities.  

In addition, the German government (BMZ and BMU), together with other donors, is providing the basic financing for the Partnership’s secretariat.

In this way, the BMZ promotes swift and effective NDC implementation in its partner countries and also helps to make NDC targets more ambitious, strengthens collaboration between national and international climate and development players and supports transformational change towards climate-proof and climate-resilient development.

German Development Minister Gerd Müller at the official founding of the NDC Partnership in November 2016 together with Hakima El Haite, Moroccan Environment Minister and COP22 President, and then German Environment Minister Barbara Hendricks

How NDC support works in member countries

When a country joins the NDC Partnership, it may apply to the secretariat for support in implementing its NDC. As a next step, the member country then identifies its specific needs for support in collaboration with donors, development banks and implementing agencies on the ground. Non-governmental partners such as NGOs, the academic community or the private sector are also involved.

Based on a detailed action plan ("Partnership Plan"), the development partners then adapt their ongoing programmes and plan additional measures aimed at promoting NDC implementation. These may include technical advice and process support or capacity building, but also infrastructure measures.

This process under the NDC Partnership also entails a continuous exchange of knowledge and experience to encourage peer learning and knowledge sharing with other partners.

By the end of 2018, country activities of the NDC Partnership had begun for around 40 member countries and three regional initiatives; other countries have made requests for support.

Solar kiosk in Talek, Kenya

Examples of NDC support in practice

In Honduras, through development cooperation, Germany is supporting the government, including with a view to improving coordination between the sector ministries and key players.

Kenya is drafting a new climate plan for 2018 to 2022 (National Climate Change Action Plan 2018–2022, NCCAP) to achieve low-carbon development. Germany is helping the East African country develop this legally binding framework for climate policy and NDC implementation.

In the Pacific, German development cooperation is supporting the creation of a regional centre under the umbrella of the NDC Partnership designed to bring together the Pacific island states, donors and partners to promote NDC implementation and financing and gradually make the goals more ambitious. The Pacific NDC hub is funded jointly by Germany, the UK and Australia.

  • Kenya: A group of farmers in Kirinyaga shows the place on the riverbank where water is diverted from a river to the fields of the farmers' cooperative Mitooini.
    Kenya: cooperation in action

    Fighting water scarcity and droughts

    Kenya is severely affected by the impacts of climate change. With droughts becoming more frequent and rainfall more scarce, groundwater tables are falling. In early 2017, more than 3 million Kenyans were at risk of food insecurity. Another 500,000 people had no access to water.

  • Destroyed buildings after a hurricane in the island state of Dominica
    Caribbean: cooperation in action

    Regional finance initiative for more investment

    Small island states are particularly hard hit by the effects of climate change. In the Caribbean, increasing temperatures, changed precipitation patterns, rising sea levels and bigger and stronger hurricanes are threatening to destroy people's livelihoods.

  • Solar powered agricultural irrigation system in Karameh in the Jordan Valley
    Jordan: cooperation in action

    Protecting livelihoods

    Jordan is one of the world's most arid countries and thus particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Precipitation levels in the region are decreasing whilst average temperatures are going up. At the same time, extreme weather events are becoming ever more frequent.

Kenya: A group of farmers in Kirinyaga shows the place on the riverbank where water is diverted from a river to the fields of the farmers' cooperative Mitooini.
Impacts of the NDCP country engagement process in Kenya

Fighting water scarcity and droughts

Kenya is severely affected by the impacts of climate change. With droughts becoming more frequent and rainfall more scarce, groundwater tables are falling. The country is heavily dependent on natural resources such as forests, which are impacted by climate change. In early 2017, more than 3 million Kenyans were at risk of food insecurity. Another 500,000 people had no access to water.

Kenya's Nationally Determined Contribution

In order to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the consequences of climate change, Kenya has defined a number of goals in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for implementing the Paris Agreement, for instance:

  • The Kenyan government wants to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent by 2030 compared to a "business as usual" scenario, on condition that it receives international support in this endeavour. Emissions are to be reduced primarily by expanding the use of renewables and increasing energy efficiency.
  • In order to adapt to the consequences of climate change, Kenya is planning to make its infrastructure more resilient (energy, transport, buildings, ICT) and improve the resilience of its ecosystems.

Drafting an action plan

Kenya has been a member of the NDC Partnership since 2017. The Partnership is a global coalition of countries and institutions that are committed to mobilising technical and financial support for implementing the NDCs.

On behalf of the German Development Ministry and the German Ministry for the Environment, the NDCP Support Unit and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) are supporting Kenya in drafting a National Climate Change Action Plan (NCCAP). In this plan, Kenya will lay down the steps for implementing its NDC.

Under the NDCP process, various development players and non-state actors have joined forces and are supporting Kenya. They include USAID, DfID, Transparency International, the Pan-Africa Climate Justice Alliance, Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the Sustainable Environmental Development Watch Network (SusWatch).

Their joint objective is to help implement Kenya's NDC quickly and effectively and gradually make it more ambitious.

Germany is also supporting Kenya's adaptation measures within the framework of bilateral cooperation activities, for instance in the energy or agricultural sectors.

Programmes and strategies for NDC implementation

Kenya's National Climate Change Action Plan stipulates, among other things, that the area covered by forest in Kenya is to be increased to 10 per cent and degraded land is to be rehabilitated. Both these steps will help to increase the resilience of ecosystems.

Further measures are aimed at tackling the problems of water scarcity and droughts. They include, for instance, increasing the efficiency of water use, building new infrastructure for water collection and storage, and improving flood protection.

Farming and distribution methods that generate lower levels of emissions and are adapted to climate change will help to enhance the productivity and resilience of the agricultural sector. In this way, the NCCAP will also help to improve food security in Kenya.

Greenhouse gas emissions are to be reduced by increasing the share of renewables in energy production and by developing an affordable, safe and efficient public transport system.

In supporting the implementation of the NCCAP, the NDC Partnership is playing an important part in helping Kenya tackle the challenges that may arise from climate change.

Kenya: Biogas plants convert slurry from livestock farming into energy and fertiliser.
Destroyed buildings after a hurricane in the island state of Dominica
Impacts of the NDCP country engagement process in the Caribbean

Regional finance initiative for more investment

Small island states are particularly hard hit by the effects of climate change. In the Caribbean, increasing temperatures, changed precipitation patterns, rising sea levels and bigger and stronger hurricanes are threatening to destroy people’s livelihoods. Therefore, the Caribbean countries have set themselves ambitious targets in their Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) for implementing the Paris Agreement.

For these countries, adaptation to climate change is a particularly important topic. At the same time, Caribbean states are also making an effort to reduce their greenhouse gases, despite being only a minor contributor to global warming.

Promoting climate-friendly infrastructure

In order to promote the implementation of NDCs in the region, the NDC Finance Initiative for the Caribbean (NDCFI) was founded. Its aim is to promote investments in climate-smart infrastructure in the region, namely in sectors that the members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States (OECS) have given priority. The focus is on energy, transport and water.

The OECS Commission has been a member of the NDC Partnership (NDCP) since 2017. The Partnership is a global coalition of countries and institutions committed to mobilising technical and financial support for implementing the NDCs.

On behalf of the German Development Ministry and the German Ministry for the Environment, the NDCP Support Unit and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) are supporting the OECS Commission and the government of Saint Lucia in designing and managing the Finance Initiative for the Caribbean. Meanwhile, other donors have also joined the initiative, such as the European Union, Taiwan, the Caribbean Development Bank and the World Bank. Together, they are working to develop the NDCFI further.

Impacts

For OECS member states, the Finance Initiative is an important instrument for implementing their Nationally Determined Contributions. They are planning to revise and update their NDCs to make them even more ambitious.

For 2019, the Finance Initiative for the Caribbean has set itself the goal of supporting the development of 10 investment-ready projects. It is intended that these projects will serve to implement the transformation processes spelled out in the NDCs.

These processes are helping the countries in the region push forward the implementation of their Nationally Determined Contributions and thereby enhance their resilience to the consequences of climate change.

After a torrential rainfall, an access road in the Caribbean country of St. Lucia was washed away.
Solar powered agricultural irrigation system in Karameh in the Jordan Valley
Impacts of the NDCP country engagement process in Jordan

Protecting livelihoods and reducing dependence on fossil fuel imports

Jordan is one of the world's most arid countries and thus particularly vulnerable to the impact of climate change. Precipitation levels in the region are decreasing whilst average temperatures are going up. At the same time, extreme weather events are becoming ever more frequent – in October of 2018, 18 schoolchildren died in a flash flood near the Dead Sea.

In addition, the influx of Syrian refugees, whose number has now reached 1.3 million, is putting a strain on the already scarce resources and energy supply of this arid country. Jordan meets 97 per cent of its energy requirements by importing fossil fuels and every year spends 20 per cent of its gross domestic product on fossil fuels.

Jordan's Nationally Determined Contribution

In order to address the challenges of climate change, Jordan has defined a number of mitigation and adaptation targets in its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC) for implementing the Paris Agreement.

Among other things, the water sector is to be made more resilient. With German support, a National Adaptation Planning Process (NAP Process) was initiated in 2017.

The country's energy mix, which has relied heavily on fossil fuels up to now, is to be expanded to include renewables, with a view to reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To this end, the installation of solar power plants is being supported, in particular. Jordan wants to reduce its emissions by 14 per cent by 2030 on condition that it receives international support in these efforts.

Joint international action

As part of its development cooperation activities, Germany is supporting Jordan in its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to climate change. However, this support is not sufficient for implementing the NDC.

That is why in spring of 2018 Jordan requested support from the NDC Partnership, a global coalition of countries and institutions committed to mobilising technical and financial support for implementing the NDCs. Jordan has been a member of the NDC Partnership since April 2017.

Impacts

Thanks to the support provided by the NDCP, Jordan was able to take some initial steps towards concrete adaptation and mitigation projects, especially in the water and energy sectors. These also include projects for reducing water losses in piping systems.

It is envisaged that by 2023 the Jordan Environmental Fund will invest about 100 million US dollars in energy projects. Through the use of wind and solar power, the share of renewables is to be increased during this timeframe from currently 1 per cent to about 11 per cent.

Newly planted palm tree being watered

Videos

Video message from the NDC Partnership

Video message from NDC Partnership Co-Chair Parliamentary State Secretary Maria Flachsbarth on why the NDC Partnership is vital to address climate change

NDC Partnership in action: Uganda

In June 2018, Uganda launched the first NDC Partnership Plan for climate action, outlining priorities for implementation of the Paris Agreement to increase coordination and collaboration with national and international partners.

NDC Partnership in action: Fiji

Fiji is among the countries most vulnerable to climate change. The NDC Partnership is supporting Fiji in enhancing its NDC, designing roadmaps for NDC implementation, and supporting efforts to finance NDC investments.

NDC Partnership Knowledge Portal

The NDC Partnership's Knowledge Portal helps countries to accelerate climate action by providing quick and easy access to data, tools, guidance, good practice, and funding opportunities.

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Topic "Climate change and development"

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