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Food security

G20 Initiative for Rural Youth Employment

A farmer practicing the use of a manual tractor. At the Agriculture and Science University of Malawi, farmers can rent machinery cheaply on a daily rate.

In many developing countries, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa, young people are the largest demographic. Most live in rural areas and, although urbanisation is advancing, it is clear that the rural population is growing too.

Yet rural areas frequently offer few attractive employment opportunities and people see no future for themselves there. So it is important to ensure that young people in rural areas have long-term opportunities, in both social and economic terms, so as to preserve political and social stability and tackle the root causes of displacement.

The agricultural sector holds particularly great potential for creating jobs whilst at the same time meeting growing food needs. Increased agricultural production can benefit upstream and downstream sectors, which helps the general development of rural areas.

The G20 is tackling this major development policy challenge; its Initiative for Rural Youth Employment promotes the nexus of innovation, investment and partnerships for more employment and improved food security. The aim is, among other things, for five million young people to benefit from training opportunities and one million jobs to be created for young people by 2022. This target will make a major contribution to the new G20 Africa Partnership.

The initiative focuses on measures in the following six fields: (1) alignment with the developing countries' existing strategies and policies; (2) sharing of knowledge and data; (3) promotion of training; (4) promotion of youth employment in contexts of fragility or conflict; (5) improvement of fair and sustainable access to land; (6) increasing responsible investment and financing for rural youth employment.


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