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International energy policy

Engagement at the level of the European Union


The European Union is the world's largest donor of development in­puts. Together, the European Commis­sion and the EU member states pro­vide more than half of global official development assistance (ODA).

Logo of the European UnionDuring Germany's Presidency of the European Council in the first half of 2007, energy was among the key issues. Develop­ment policy aspects played a major role in this context.

A comprehensive energy partnership between Africa and Europe was launched during Germany's Presidency. This has now become an important component of the new Joint Africa-EU Strategy adopted at the Africa-EU Summit in Lisbon in late 2007.

Africa-EU Energy Partnership

The Energy Partnership between the African Union and the European Union lays down the following objectives to be jointly achieved:

  • Strengthen access to energy and energy security.

  • Support the development of technical and human capacities, and create enabling frameworks for energy investment.

  • Scale up investment, especially in renewable energies and energy efficiency.

  • Utilise oil and gas export revenues for development.

  • Increase transparency and improve management in the energy sector.

  • Address climate change and the needed adaptation measures.

EU Energy Initiative (EUEI)

The EU Energy Initiative (EUEI) was launched at the 2002 World Summit in Johannesburg. This Initiative aims to help reduce global poverty and provide access to sustainable energy services for the more than two billion people who have to make do without a modern energy supply. To achieve this the Initiative cooperates closely with developing countries, financial institutions, the private sector and civil society.

Projects of the EUEI include for instance the ACP-EU Energy Facility. The funds made available through this line of credit are used to pro­mote energy projects in rural regions of the ACP (Africa, Carib­bean and Pacific) countries.

Partnership Dialogue Facility (PDF)

The Partnership Dialogue Facility (PDF) is a funding instrument deve­loped within the framework of the EU Energy Initiative (EUEI). It is supported by Germany and six other EU member states, and is administrated through the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) in close consultation with the European Commission.

The PDF aims to promote the development of policy guidelines and strategies to support access to energy. To this end it supports national and regional dialogue with and among partner countries, their regional organisations, EU member countries and the European Commission.

The PDF's main task is, firstly, to support developing countries in sub-Saharan Africa and other regions in developing policy guidelines and regional, national and subnational strategies. Secondly the PDF cooperates closely with the EU Energy Initiative, the European Commission and the African partners in implementing the Africa-EU Energy Partnership.

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