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Energy policy – key to poverty reduction and climate protection


Solar cells facilities, turning sunlight into energy. Copyright: danielschoenen/Fotolia.comToday, around two billion people world­wide are living without access to a modern energy supply. This means they have no opportunity to lift themselves out of poverty and improve their living conditions through their own efforts. Providing these people with a sustainable energy supply is the key to reducing global poverty. This is why it is an objective of German development policy.

A sustainable energy supply not only reduces poverty. At the same time, it also reduces dependency on costly fossil fuels, especially oil. It helps protect the environment – both locally and globally. Germany therefore supports the dissemination of sustainable and local energy production technologies, and aims to help achieve efficient energy production and utilisation.

The Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) is supporting energy projects in more than 50 partner coun­tries, as well as numerous regional and global programmes. In 2009, new commitments for renewable energies and energy efficiency amounted to over EUR 1 billion. Over the next five years, at least EUR 2.5 billion will be made available for renewable energies alone. The German government has agreed to make energy a priority area of cooperation with 15 countries: Afghanistan, Albania, Bangladesh, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, India, Kosovo, Mexico, Montenegro, Nepal, Pakistan, Senegal, Serbia, Uganda and Ukraine. In Mongolia, South Africa and Tunisia energy projects are being promoted within the scope of other priority areas.

In order to expand cooperation in the energy sector into a strategic partnership with the developing countries, the German government has in recent years launched numerous initiatives and made extensive funding available.

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