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Crisis prevention

Tackling the root causes of displacement

Workers building roads in Erbil in the Kurdistan-Iraq region as part of a cash-for-work project

Violent conflict, government repression, discrimination and massive human rights violations are some of the main triggers of displacement. Development activities that reduce a country's likelihood to slid into crisis and improve social cohesion are thus an important contribution towards reducing push factors for displacement. Germany's efforts are not geared towards the aim of preventing displacement but towards creating an environment in which people no longer feel compelled to leave, or which encourages them to return to their home country.

Germany provides support to countries in crisis to help them stabilise their political and economic situation, rebuild institutions that were destroyed in the conflict and improve educational and employment opportunities.

Development cooperation can also help to prevent the presence of displaced people or migrants from triggering, in its turn, new conflicts (and thus, possibly new displacement). Most displaced persons are hosted by developing countries. In many cases, these countries are themselves struggling with conflict and fragility. If a host country cannot cope with providing services for refugees and migrants, there is a risk that conflicts over the distribution of social and economic resources will erupt between the migrants and the local population.

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