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Third area of intervention

Integration and reintegration of refugees, internally displaced persons and returnees

Teacher training in a camp for internally displaced persons in the Autonomous Region of Kurdistan

Often, refugees and internally displaced persons have no choice but to stay in their host communities for many years. The situation they have left behind only improves very slowly, if it improves at all. And even when refugees are able to return home, they face enormous challenges: they must rebuild their everyday lives and routines. Moreover, most returnees have to establish a new livelihood for themselves.

Through its development cooperation, Germany seeks to give refugees and internally displaced people in host countries as well as returnees a basis for building a future for themselves in their countries of origin.

Better opportunities in host countries

Beyond meeting the immediate basic needs of refugees (food, water), Germany is helping them by providing income opportunities. Through cash-for-work activities, refugees are able to generate an income that is quickly available. The programme is also open to people from host communities.

More information can be found here.


Better opportunities for returnees

Germany seeks to foster peace processes in countries to which refugees can return. Among other things, Germany is investing in the reconstruction of schools and health centres.

Advice is also provided to some 3,000 migrants each year who are voluntarily returning from Germany to their home countries. This advice is geared towards fostering the transfer of knowledge to their countries of origin, and it focuses on helping them to reintegrate, for example by assisting them in setting up a business.

At the beginning of 2017, the BMZ broadened the scope of its programmes for returnees and combined them under the umbrella of its Returning to New Opportunities returnee programme.

More information can be found here.


BMZ glossary

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